What do we know about the Chukchi (Chukchee)?
1. The Chukchi are an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean on the Russian mainland.
Indeed, the majority lives in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Some tribes dwell in such nearest regions as the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Magadan Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug.
2. The Chukchi originated from the people living around the Okhotsk Sea.
3. They speak the Chukchi language.
4. There are two types of Chukchi traditional activity. The first one is whaling, the second reindeer herding. They call themselve correspondingly as Chauchu (the Chukchi word for “rich in reindeer”) and Anqallyt, “Maritime Chukchi” (“the sea people”). By the way, the Russian name “Chukchi” was derived from Chauchu.
5. The Chukchi is pretty much self-sufficient. They keep preserving the traditional way of life.
6. They are very brave and they never lost the fight against Russian Cossacks, when those came for conquest. That’s why many poignant jokes about them appeared in the mainland.
7. The current Chukchi population is as high as 12 thousand people.
8. That was the Soviet Bolsheviks, who found the common language with the Chukchi after the bloody Cossack period. It happened in the early 19 century. Think, their main infusion tool was education.
9. The Chukchi are very creative nations. Their arts and handicrafts might be considered as real masterpieces.
The Chukchi people & Abromovich
Well, when Abromovich was the governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, his top managers said there were no forcible arguments for working people to live in the region on the regular basis. He agreed and said, “Let the indigenous people live here…” That’s it.
The Chukchi people in pictures
Below see photographs taken by D_M_vestnik in Chukotka on the shore of the Chukchi Sea.
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Located in Russia between the Ural Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
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